Rome is a compact city and it is fantastic to just walk around with easy access to everything. But if you don't feel like walking and need a public transport for central area you can use metro but for other areas you will need buses or trams. The public transportation system in Rome (metro, buses, trams & trains in the urban area) are managed by ATAC and these services use the same type of ticket.
The Rome metro consists of only two lines - Metropolitana Linea A and Metropolitana Linea B. Line C is the third line of metro system in Rome which runs from Monte Compatri - Pantano in the eastern districts of Rome to Lodi. It's not yet connected to current two lines.
Metro don't cover the whole city so to reach some areas of Rome you may need to supplement it with other forms of public transportation such as bus or tram.
Rome's metro lines only intersect at one point - Termini Station. Each metro stop is marked by a square, red sing with a white M on it. When travelling by metro, especially during rush hours, keep an eye on your belongings during your journey as there are many pickpockets.
Line A (red line) takes you to the stops such as San Giovanni to the southeast (where you can visit another Rome's basilicas - San Giovanni in Laterano), Barberini to the northwest (close to Trevi Fountain and the Via Veneto - one of the most elegant areas of Rome), Spagna (Spanish Steps), Flaminio (Piazza del Popolo), Ottaviano (from where you can reach Saint Peter's Square) and Cipro (close to Vatican Museums).
From Termini the blue line B will take you to Tiburtina (to the northeast - where the newest Rome train station is), Circo Massimo to the southwest (the stop after the Colosseum where you can visit Palatine Hill, the Aventine Hill and the Caracalla Baths), Piramide to the southwest or get another local train to Ostia to visit ruins, Basilica San Paolo to the southwest (one of the four major basilicas)
The first train from each end of the metro lines is 5:30 a.m. every day. The last train leaves from the end of the metro at 11:30 p.m. on weeknights and 1:30 a.m. on a Friday and Saturday night.
For more information visit the official web site of the Rome Metro. It is is Italian only but there are some maps you may find useful.
Rome tram network has six lines (#2, #3, #5, #8, #14, #19) and none of these lines stop near main attractions of Rome.
The only tram lines convenient for tourists is line 8 which connects Torre Argentina in the historic centre with Trastevere district. Line 19 runs between the Piazza Risorgimento (on the northern edge of the Vatican) and districts on the eastern side of the Tiber river.
Rome's bus network is extremely handy for getting around the city. Bus stops are marked by signposts topped with large placards bearing the numbers of the buses that stop there, the names of the stops each bus makes. Some bus lines have frequency of 10 minutes while lesser popular lines see frequencies of up to 30 minutes.
All city transport uses the same ticket (biglietto) which can be purchased from the machines at metro stations, most newspaper stands and tobacco shops (tabacchi). Ticket options you can choose from are following:
Note: public transportation is free for children under 10 years old.
If planning to extensivily use public transportation in Rome consider buying one of Rome city cards such as the Roma Pass Card or OMNIA Vatican & Rome Pass which include unlimited access to all kind of transports in Rome.
When you board the Metro or train, you pass through a turnstile that will automatically validate your ticket (it prints the expiry time and date on the back of the ticket).
However, if you take a bus or a tram you have to do the validation yourself - if it is the first time you have used your ticket. If you've already validated it once and it's still valid, you don't need to do this, and nor do you need to validate a travel pass such as the Roma Pass.
Note that travelling without a validated ticket can get up to €50 fine.
You will need to take a taxi in Rome at some point. Rome taxis are lined up at specific taxi stands. Remember that you can only board one at a stand and can't hail a cab standing on the side of the streets.
There are taxi stands at places like Termini Station, the Vatican, Piazza della Repubblica, Piazza del Popolo, Piazza Venezia, the Colosseum and other touristic places in Rome. If you are taking a taxi from your hotel ask the receptionist to call it for you.
You will find taxis at both Rome's airports as well as main train station - Termini. The rates from the airports are fixed - €48 from Fiumicino Airport and €30 from Ciampino Airport.
You may find convenient to book in advance your transfer from Fiumicino or Ciampino airports to your Rome accommodation.
Don't ever accept a taxi driver that has approached you to ask if you need a taxi. These are not legit taxis and this is usually common practice at airports and train and bus stations stations.
If you find yourself somewhere in the city and don't see taxi stand you can order your taxi through Sms Taxi service.
Sms Taxi is a service active in the largest Italian cities that allows you to request a taxi via you phone by sending a text message.
These are the steps for requesting a taxi:
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